bokeh.models.annotations

Renderers for various kinds of annotations that can be added to Bokeh plots

class Annotation(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.renderers.Renderer

Base class for all annotation models.

Note

This is an abstract base class used to help organize the hierarchy of Bokeh model types. It is not useful to instantiate on its own.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "id": "12070",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "name": null,
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "visible": true,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "y_range_name": "default"
}
class Arrow(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.DataAnnotation

Render arrows as an annotation.

See Arrows for information on plotting arrows.

end
Property type

Instance(ArrowHead)

Default value

OpenHead(id='12085', ...)

Instance of ArrowHead.

end_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the end_x and end_y attributes. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

line_alpha
Property type

AlphaSpec

Default value

1.0

The line alpha values for the arrow body.

line_cap
Property type

LineCapSpec

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the arrow body.

line_color
Property type

ColorSpec

Default value

'black'

The line color values for the arrow body.

line_dash
Property type

DashPatternSpec

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the arrow body.

line_dash_offset
Property type

IntSpec

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the arrow body.

line_join
Property type

LineJoinSpec

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the arrow body.

line_width
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

1

The line width values for the arrow body.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

source
Property type

Instance(DataSource)

Default value

ColumnDataSource(id='12099', ...)

Local data source to use when rendering annotations on the plot.

start
Property type

Instance(ArrowHead)

Default value

None

Instance of ArrowHead.

start_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the start_x and start_y attributes. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_end
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

None

The x-coordinates to locate the end of the arrows.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

x_start
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

None

The x-coordinates to locate the start of the arrows.

y_end
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

None

The y-coordinates to locate the end of the arrows.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

y_start
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

None

The y-coordinates to locate the start of the arrows.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "end": {
    "id": "12083"
  },
  "end_units": "data",
  "id": "12081",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "line_alpha": {
    "value": 1.0
  },
  "line_cap": {
    "value": "butt"
  },
  "line_color": {
    "value": "black"
  },
  "line_dash": {
    "value": []
  },
  "line_dash_offset": {
    "value": 0
  },
  "line_join": {
    "value": "bevel"
  },
  "line_width": {
    "value": 1
  },
  "name": null,
  "source": {
    "id": "12082"
  },
  "start": null,
  "start_units": "data",
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "visible": true,
  "x_end": null,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "x_start": null,
  "y_end": null,
  "y_range_name": "default",
  "y_start": null
}
class Band(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.DataAnnotation

Render a filled area band along a dimension.

See Bands for information on plotting bands.

base
Property type

PropertyUnitsSpec

Default value

{'field': 'base'}

The orthogonal coordinates of the upper and lower values.

dimension
Property type

Enum(Dimension)

Default value

'height'

The direction of the band can be specified by setting this property to “height” (y direction) or “width” (x direction).

fill_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.4

The fill alpha values for the band.

fill_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#fff9ba'

The fill color values for the band.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.3

The line alpha values for the band.

line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the band.

line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#cccccc'

The line color values for the band.

line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the band.

line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the band.

line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the band.

line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width values for the band.

lower
Property type

PropertyUnitsSpec

Default value

{'field': 'lower'}

The coordinates of the lower portion of the filled area band.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

source
Property type

Instance(DataSource)

Default value

ColumnDataSource(id='12131', ...)

Local data source to use when rendering annotations on the plot.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

upper
Property type

PropertyUnitsSpec

Default value

{'field': 'upper'}

The coordinates of the upper portion of the filled area band.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "base": {
    "field": "base"
  },
  "dimension": "height",
  "fill_alpha": 0.4,
  "fill_color": "#fff9ba",
  "id": "12112",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "line_alpha": 0.3,
  "line_cap": "butt",
  "line_color": "#cccccc",
  "line_dash": [],
  "line_dash_offset": 0,
  "line_join": "bevel",
  "line_width": 1,
  "lower": {
    "field": "lower"
  },
  "name": null,
  "source": {
    "id": "12113"
  },
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "upper": {
    "field": "upper"
  },
  "visible": true,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "y_range_name": "default"
}
class BoxAnnotation(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.Annotation

Render a shaded rectangular region as an annotation.

See Box Annotations for information on plotting box annotations.

bottom
Property type

Either(Auto, NumberSpec)

Default value

None

The y-coordinates of the bottom edge of the box annotation.

Datetime values are also accepted, but note that they are immediately converted to milliseconds-since-epoch.

bottom_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the bottom attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

fill_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.4

The fill alpha values for the box.

fill_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#fff9ba'

The fill color values for the box.

hatch_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The hatch alpha values for the box.

hatch_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'black'

The hatch color values for the box.

hatch_extra
Property type

Dict(String, Instance(Texture))

Default value

{}

The hatch extra values for the box.

hatch_pattern
Property type

String

Default value

None

The hatch pattern values for the box.

hatch_scale
Property type

Size

Default value

12.0

The hatch scale values for the box.

hatch_weight
Property type

Size

Default value

1.0

The hatch weight values for the box.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
left
Property type

Either(Auto, NumberSpec)

Default value

None

The x-coordinates of the left edge of the box annotation.

Datetime values are also accepted, but note that they are immediately converted to milliseconds-since-epoch.

left_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the left attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.3

The line alpha values for the box.

line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the box.

line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#cccccc'

The line color values for the box.

line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the box.

line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the box.

line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the box.

line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width values for the box.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

render_mode
Property type

Enum(RenderMode)

Default value

'canvas'

Specifies whether the box is rendered as a canvas element or as an css element overlaid on the canvas. The default mode is “canvas”.

Warning

The line_dash and line_dash_offset attributes aren’t supported if the render_mode is set to “css”

right
Property type

Either(Auto, NumberSpec)

Default value

None

The x-coordinates of the right edge of the box annotation.

Datetime values are also accepted, but note that they are immediately converted to milliseconds-since-epoch.

right_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the right attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

top
Property type

Either(Auto, NumberSpec)

Default value

None

The y-coordinates of the top edge of the box annotation.

Datetime values are also accepted, but note that they are immediately converted to milliseconds-since-epoch.

top_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the top attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "bottom": null,
  "bottom_units": "data",
  "fill_alpha": 0.4,
  "fill_color": "#fff9ba",
  "hatch_alpha": 1.0,
  "hatch_color": "black",
  "hatch_extra": {},
  "hatch_pattern": null,
  "hatch_scale": 12.0,
  "hatch_weight": 1.0,
  "id": "12139",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "left": null,
  "left_units": "data",
  "level": "annotation",
  "line_alpha": 0.3,
  "line_cap": "butt",
  "line_color": "#cccccc",
  "line_dash": [],
  "line_dash_offset": 0,
  "line_join": "bevel",
  "line_width": 1,
  "name": null,
  "render_mode": "canvas",
  "right": null,
  "right_units": "data",
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "top": null,
  "top_units": "data",
  "visible": true,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "y_range_name": "default"
}
class ColorBar(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.Annotation

Render a color bar based on a color mapper.

See Color Bars for information on plotting color bars.

background_fill_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.95

The fill alpha for the color bar background style.

background_fill_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#ffffff'

The fill color for the color bar background style.

bar_line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The line alpha for the color scale bar outline.

bar_line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap for the color scale bar outline.

bar_line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

None

The line color for the color scale bar outline.

bar_line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash for the color scale bar outline.

bar_line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset for the color scale bar outline.

bar_line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join for the color scale bar outline.

bar_line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width for the color scale bar outline.

border_line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The line alpha for the color bar border outline.

border_line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap for the color bar border outline.

border_line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

None

The line color for the color bar border outline.

border_line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash for the color bar border outline.

border_line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset for the color bar border outline.

border_line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join for the color bar border outline.

border_line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width for the color bar border outline.

color_mapper
Property type

Instance(ColorMapper)

Default value

None

A color mapper containing a color palette to render.

Warning

If the low and high attributes of the ColorMapper aren’t set, ticks and tick labels won’t be rendered. Additionally, if a LogTicker is passed to the ticker argument and either or both of the logarithms of low and high values of the color_mapper are non-numeric (i.e. low=0), the tick and tick labels won’t be rendered.

formatter
Property type

Either(Instance(TickFormatter), Auto)

Default value

'auto'

A TickFormatter to use for formatting the visual appearance of ticks.

height
Property type

Either(Auto, Int)

Default value

'auto'

The height (in pixels) that the color scale should occupy.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
label_standoff
Property type

Int

Default value

5

The distance (in pixels) to separate the tick labels from the color bar.

level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

location
Property type

Either(Enum(Anchor), Tuple(Float, Float))

Default value

'top_right'

The location where the color bar should draw itself. It’s either one of bokeh.core.enums.Anchor’s enumerated values, or a (x, y) tuple indicating an absolute location absolute location in screen coordinates (pixels from the bottom-left corner).

Warning

If the color bar is placed in a side panel, the location will likely have to be set to (0,0).

major_label_overrides
Property type

Dict(Either(Float, String), String)

Default value

{}

Provide explicit tick label values for specific tick locations that override normal formatting.

major_label_text_align
Property type

Enum(TextAlign)

Default value

'left'

The text align of the major tick labels.

major_label_text_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The text alpha of the major tick labels.

major_label_text_baseline
Property type

Enum(TextBaseline)

Default value

'bottom'

The text baseline of the major tick labels.

major_label_text_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#444444'

The text color of the major tick labels.

major_label_text_font
Property type

String

Default value

'helvetica'

The text font of the major tick labels.

major_label_text_font_size
Property type

FontSize

Default value

'11px'

The text font size of the major tick labels.

major_label_text_font_style
Property type

Enum(FontStyle)

Default value

'normal'

The text font style of the major tick labels.

major_label_text_line_height
Property type

Float

Default value

1.2

The text line height of the major tick labels.

major_tick_in
Property type

Int

Default value

5

The distance (in pixels) that major ticks should extend into the main plot area.

major_tick_line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The line alpha of the major ticks.

major_tick_line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap of the major ticks.

major_tick_line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#ffffff'

The line color of the major ticks.

major_tick_line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash of the major ticks.

major_tick_line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset of the major ticks.

major_tick_line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join of the major ticks.

major_tick_line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width of the major ticks.

major_tick_out
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The distance (in pixels) that major ticks should extend out of the main plot area.

margin
Property type

Int

Default value

30

Amount of margin (in pixels) around the outside of the color bar.

minor_tick_in
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The distance (in pixels) that minor ticks should extend into the main plot area.

minor_tick_line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The line alpha of the minor ticks.

minor_tick_line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap of the minor ticks.

minor_tick_line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

None

The line color of the minor ticks.

minor_tick_line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash of the minor ticks.

minor_tick_line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset of the minor ticks.

minor_tick_line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join of the minor ticks.

minor_tick_line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width of the minor ticks.

minor_tick_out
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The distance (in pixels) that major ticks should extend out of the main plot area.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

orientation
Property type

Either(Enum(Orientation), Auto)

Default value

'auto'

Whether the color bar should be oriented vertically or horizontally.

padding
Property type

Int

Default value

10

Amount of padding (in pixels) between the color scale and color bar border.

scale_alpha
Property type

Float

Default value

1.0

The alpha with which to render the color scale.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

ticker
Property type

Either(Instance(Ticker), Auto)

Default value

'auto'

A Ticker to use for computing locations of axis components.

title
Property type

String

Default value

None

The title text to render.

title_standoff
Property type

Int

Default value

2

The distance (in pixels) to separate the title from the color bar.

title_text_align
Property type

Enum(TextAlign)

Default value

'left'

The text align values for the title text.

title_text_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The text alpha values for the title text.

title_text_baseline
Property type

Enum(TextBaseline)

Default value

'bottom'

The text baseline values for the title text.

title_text_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#444444'

The text color values for the title text.

title_text_font
Property type

String

Default value

'helvetica'

The text font values for the title text.

title_text_font_size
Property type

FontSize

Default value

'13px'

The text font size values for the title text.

title_text_font_style
Property type

Enum(FontStyle)

Default value

'italic'

The text font style values for the title text.

title_text_line_height
Property type

Float

Default value

1.2

The text line height values for the title text.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

width
Property type

Either(Auto, Int)

Default value

'auto'

The width (in pixels) that the color scale should occupy.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "background_fill_alpha": 0.95,
  "background_fill_color": "#ffffff",
  "bar_line_alpha": 1.0,
  "bar_line_cap": "butt",
  "bar_line_color": null,
  "bar_line_dash": [],
  "bar_line_dash_offset": 0,
  "bar_line_join": "bevel",
  "bar_line_width": 1,
  "border_line_alpha": 1.0,
  "border_line_cap": "butt",
  "border_line_color": null,
  "border_line_dash": [],
  "border_line_dash_offset": 0,
  "border_line_join": "bevel",
  "border_line_width": 1,
  "color_mapper": null,
  "formatter": "auto",
  "height": "auto",
  "id": "12174",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "label_standoff": 5,
  "level": "annotation",
  "location": "top_right",
  "major_label_overrides": {},
  "major_label_text_align": "left",
  "major_label_text_alpha": 1.0,
  "major_label_text_baseline": "bottom",
  "major_label_text_color": "#444444",
  "major_label_text_font": "helvetica",
  "major_label_text_font_size": "11px",
  "major_label_text_font_style": "normal",
  "major_label_text_line_height": 1.2,
  "major_tick_in": 5,
  "major_tick_line_alpha": 1.0,
  "major_tick_line_cap": "butt",
  "major_tick_line_color": "#ffffff",
  "major_tick_line_dash": [],
  "major_tick_line_dash_offset": 0,
  "major_tick_line_join": "bevel",
  "major_tick_line_width": 1,
  "major_tick_out": 0,
  "margin": 30,
  "minor_tick_in": 0,
  "minor_tick_line_alpha": 1.0,
  "minor_tick_line_cap": "butt",
  "minor_tick_line_color": null,
  "minor_tick_line_dash": [],
  "minor_tick_line_dash_offset": 0,
  "minor_tick_line_join": "bevel",
  "minor_tick_line_width": 1,
  "minor_tick_out": 0,
  "name": null,
  "orientation": "auto",
  "padding": 10,
  "scale_alpha": 1.0,
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "ticker": "auto",
  "title": null,
  "title_standoff": 2,
  "title_text_align": "left",
  "title_text_alpha": 1.0,
  "title_text_baseline": "bottom",
  "title_text_color": "#444444",
  "title_text_font": "helvetica",
  "title_text_font_size": "13px",
  "title_text_font_style": "italic",
  "title_text_line_height": 1.2,
  "visible": true,
  "width": "auto",
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "y_range_name": "default"
}
class DataAnnotation(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.Annotation

Base class for annotations that utilize a data source.

Note

This is an abstract base class used to help organize the hierarchy of Bokeh model types. It is not useful to instantiate on its own.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

source
Property type

Instance(DataSource)

Default value

ColumnDataSource(id='12256', ...)

Local data source to use when rendering annotations on the plot.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "id": "12249",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "name": null,
  "source": {
    "id": "12250"
  },
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "visible": true,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "y_range_name": "default"
}
class Label(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.TextAnnotation

Render a single text label as an annotation.

Label will render a single text label at given x and y coordinates, which can be in either screen (pixel) space, or data (axis range) space.

The label can also be configured with a screen space offset from x and y, by using the x_offset and y_offset properties.

Additionally, the label can be rotated with the angle property.

There are also standard text, fill, and line properties to control the appearance of the text, its background, as well as the rectangular bounding box border.

See Labels for information on plotting labels.

angle
Property type

Angle

Default value

0

The angle to rotate the text, as measured from the horizontal.

Warning

The center of rotation for canvas and css render_modes is different. For render_mode=”canvas” the label is rotated from the top-left corner of the annotation, while for render_mode=”css” the annotation is rotated around it’s center.

angle_units
Property type

Enum(AngleUnits)

Default value

'rad'

Acceptable values for units are "rad" and "deg"

background_fill_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The fill alpha values for the text bounding box.

background_fill_color
Property type

Color

Default value

None

The fill color values for the text bounding box.

border_line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The line alpha values for the text bounding box.

border_line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the text bounding box.

border_line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

None

The line color values for the text bounding box.

border_line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the text bounding box.

border_line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the text bounding box.

border_line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the text bounding box.

border_line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width values for the text bounding box.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

render_mode
Property type

Enum(RenderMode)

Default value

'canvas'

Specifies whether the text is rendered as a canvas element or as a CSS element overlaid on the canvas. The default mode is “canvas”.

Note

The CSS labels won’t be present in the output using the “save” tool.

Warning

Not all visual styling properties are supported if the render_mode is set to “css”. The border_line_dash property isn’t fully supported and border_line_dash_offset isn’t supported at all. Setting text_alpha will modify the opacity of the entire background box and border in addition to the text. Finally, clipping Label annotations inside of the plot area isn’t supported in “css” mode.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

text
Property type

String

Default value

None

The text value to render.

text_align
Property type

Enum(TextAlign)

Default value

'left'

The text align values for the text.

text_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The text alpha values for the text.

text_baseline
Property type

Enum(TextBaseline)

Default value

'bottom'

The text baseline values for the text.

text_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#444444'

The text color values for the text.

text_font
Property type

String

Default value

'helvetica'

The text font values for the text.

text_font_size
Property type

FontSize

Default value

'16px'

The text font size values for the text.

text_font_style
Property type

Enum(FontStyle)

Default value

'normal'

The text font style values for the text.

text_line_height
Property type

Float

Default value

1.2

The text line height values for the text.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x
Property type

Float

Default value

None

The x-coordinate in screen coordinates to locate the text anchors.

Datetime values are also accepted, but note that they are immediately converted to milliseconds-since-epoch.

x_offset
Property type

Float

Default value

0

Offset value to apply to the x-coordinate.

This is useful, for instance, if it is desired to “float” text a fixed distance in screen units from a given data position.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

x_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the x attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

y
Property type

Float

Default value

None

The y-coordinate in screen coordinates to locate the text anchors.

Datetime values are also accepted, but note that they are immediately converted to milliseconds-since-epoch.

y_offset
Property type

Float

Default value

0

Offset value to apply to the y-coordinate.

This is useful, for instance, if it is desired to “float” text a fixed distance in screen units from a given data position.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

y_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the y attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "angle": 0,
  "angle_units": "rad",
  "background_fill_alpha": 1.0,
  "background_fill_color": null,
  "border_line_alpha": 1.0,
  "border_line_cap": "butt",
  "border_line_color": null,
  "border_line_dash": [],
  "border_line_dash_offset": 0,
  "border_line_join": "bevel",
  "border_line_width": 1,
  "id": "12263",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "name": null,
  "render_mode": "canvas",
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "text": null,
  "text_align": "left",
  "text_alpha": 1.0,
  "text_baseline": "bottom",
  "text_color": "#444444",
  "text_font": "helvetica",
  "text_font_size": "16px",
  "text_font_style": "normal",
  "text_line_height": 1.2,
  "visible": true,
  "x": null,
  "x_offset": 0,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "x_units": "data",
  "y": null,
  "y_offset": 0,
  "y_range_name": "default",
  "y_units": "data"
}
class LabelSet(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.TextAnnotation

Render multiple text labels as annotations.

LabelSet will render multiple text labels at given x and y coordinates, which can be in either screen (pixel) space, or data (axis range) space. In this case (as opposed to the single Label model), x and y can also be the name of a column from a ColumnDataSource, in which case the labels will be “vectorized” using coordinate values from the specified columns.

The label can also be configured with a screen space offset from x and y, by using the x_offset and y_offset properties. These offsets may be vectorized by giving the name of a data source column.

Additionally, the label can be rotated with the angle property (which may also be a column name.)

There are also standard text, fill, and line properties to control the appearance of the text, its background, as well as the rectangular bounding box border.

The data source is provided by setting the source property.

angle
Property type

AngleSpec

Default value

0

The angles to rotate the text, as measured from the horizontal.

Warning

The center of rotation for canvas and css render_modes is different. For render_mode=”canvas” the label is rotated from the top-left corner of the annotation, while for render_mode=”css” the annotation is rotated around it’s center.

background_fill_alpha
Property type

AlphaSpec

Default value

1.0

The fill alpha values for the text bounding box.

background_fill_color
Property type

ColorSpec

Default value

None

The fill color values for the text bounding box.

border_line_alpha
Property type

AlphaSpec

Default value

1.0

The line alpha values for the text bounding box.

border_line_cap
Property type

LineCapSpec

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the text bounding box.

border_line_color
Property type

ColorSpec

Default value

None

The line color values for the text bounding box.

border_line_dash
Property type

DashPatternSpec

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the text bounding box.

border_line_dash_offset
Property type

IntSpec

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the text bounding box.

border_line_join
Property type

LineJoinSpec

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the text bounding box.

border_line_width
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

1

The line width values for the text bounding box.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

render_mode
Property type

Enum(RenderMode)

Default value

'canvas'

Specifies whether the text is rendered as a canvas element or as a CSS element overlaid on the canvas. The default mode is “canvas”.

Note

The CSS labels won’t be present in the output using the “save” tool.

Warning

Not all visual styling properties are supported if the render_mode is set to “css”. The border_line_dash property isn’t fully supported and border_line_dash_offset isn’t supported at all. Setting text_alpha will modify the opacity of the entire background box and border in addition to the text. Finally, clipping Label annotations inside of the plot area isn’t supported in “css” mode.

source
Property type

Instance(DataSource)

Default value

ColumnDataSource(id='12319', ...)

Local data source to use when rendering annotations on the plot.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

text
Property type

StringSpec

Default value

'text'

The text values to render.

text_align
Property type

TextAlignSpec

Default value

'left'

The text align values for the text.

text_alpha
Property type

AlphaSpec

Default value

1.0

The text alpha values for the text.

text_baseline
Property type

TextBaselineSpec

Default value

'bottom'

The text baseline values for the text.

text_color
Property type

ColorSpec

Default value

'#444444'

The text color values for the text.

text_font
Property type

StringSpec

Default value

{'value': 'helvetica'}

The text font values for the text.

text_font_size
Property type

FontSizeSpec

Default value

{'value': '16px'}

The text font size values for the text.

text_font_style
Property type

FontStyleSpec

Default value

'normal'

The text font style values for the text.

text_line_height
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

1.2

The text line height values for the text.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

None

The x-coordinates to locate the text anchors.

x_offset
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

0

Offset values to apply to the x-coordinates.

This is useful, for instance, if it is desired to “float” text a fixed distance in screen units from a given data position.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

x_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the xs attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

y
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

None

The y-coordinates to locate the text anchors.

y_offset
Property type

NumberSpec

Default value

0

Offset values to apply to the y-coordinates.

This is useful, for instance, if it is desired to “float” text a fixed distance in screen units from a given data position.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

y_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the ys attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "angle": {
    "value": 0
  },
  "background_fill_alpha": {
    "value": 1.0
  },
  "background_fill_color": {
    "value": null
  },
  "border_line_alpha": {
    "value": 1.0
  },
  "border_line_cap": {
    "value": "butt"
  },
  "border_line_color": {
    "value": null
  },
  "border_line_dash": {
    "value": []
  },
  "border_line_dash_offset": {
    "value": 0
  },
  "border_line_join": {
    "value": "bevel"
  },
  "border_line_width": {
    "value": 1
  },
  "id": "12301",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "name": null,
  "render_mode": "canvas",
  "source": {
    "id": "12302"
  },
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "text": {
    "field": "text"
  },
  "text_align": {
    "value": "left"
  },
  "text_alpha": {
    "value": 1.0
  },
  "text_baseline": {
    "value": "bottom"
  },
  "text_color": {
    "value": "#444444"
  },
  "text_font": {
    "value": "helvetica"
  },
  "text_font_size": {
    "value": "16px"
  },
  "text_font_style": {
    "value": "normal"
  },
  "text_line_height": {
    "value": 1.2
  },
  "visible": true,
  "x": null,
  "x_offset": {
    "value": 0
  },
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "x_units": "data",
  "y": null,
  "y_offset": {
    "value": 0
  },
  "y_range_name": "default",
  "y_units": "data"
}
class Legend(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.Annotation

Render informational legends for a plot.

See Legends for information on plotting legends.

background_fill_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.95

The fill alpha for the legend background style.

background_fill_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#ffffff'

The fill color for the legend background style.

border_line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.5

The line alpha for the legend border outline.

border_line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap for the legend border outline.

border_line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#e5e5e5'

The line color for the legend border outline.

border_line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash for the legend border outline.

border_line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset for the legend border outline.

border_line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join for the legend border outline.

border_line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width for the legend border outline.

click_policy
Property type

Enum(LegendClickPolicy)

Default value

'none'

Defines what happens when a lengend’s item is clicked.

glyph_height
Property type

Int

Default value

20

The height (in pixels) that the rendered legend glyph should occupy.

glyph_width
Property type

Int

Default value

20

The width (in pixels) that the rendered legend glyph should occupy.

inactive_fill_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.7

The fill alpha for the legend item style when inactive. These control an overlay on the item that can be used to obscure it when the corresponding glyph is inactive (e.g. by making it semi-transparent).

inactive_fill_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'white'

The fill color for the legend item style when inactive. These control an overlay on the item that can be used to obscure it when the corresponding glyph is inactive (e.g. by making it semi-transparent).

items
Property type

List(Instance(LegendItem))

Default value

[]

A list of LegendItem instances to be rendered in the legend.

This can be specified explicitly, for instance:

legend = Legend(items=[
    LegendItem(label="sin(x)"   , renderers=[r0, r1]),
    LegendItem(label="2*sin(x)" , renderers=[r2]),
    LegendItem(label="3*sin(x)" , renderers=[r3, r4])
])

But as a convenience, can also be given more compactly as a list of tuples:

legend = Legend(items=[
    ("sin(x)"   , [r0, r1]),
    ("2*sin(x)" , [r2]),
    ("3*sin(x)" , [r3, r4])
])

where each tuple is of the form: (label, renderers).

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
label_height
Property type

Int

Default value

20

The minimum height (in pixels) of the area that legend labels should occupy.

label_standoff
Property type

Int

Default value

5

The distance (in pixels) to separate the label from its associated glyph.

label_text_align
Property type

Enum(TextAlign)

Default value

'left'

The text align for the legend labels.

label_text_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The text alpha for the legend labels.

label_text_baseline
Property type

Enum(TextBaseline)

Default value

'middle'

The text baseline for the legend labels.

label_text_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#444444'

The text color for the legend labels.

label_text_font
Property type

String

Default value

'helvetica'

The text font for the legend labels.

label_text_font_size
Property type

FontSize

Default value

'13px'

The text font size for the legend labels.

label_text_font_style
Property type

Enum(FontStyle)

Default value

'normal'

The text font style for the legend labels.

label_text_line_height
Property type

Float

Default value

1.2

The text line height for the legend labels.

label_width
Property type

Int

Default value

20

The minimum width (in pixels) of the area that legend labels should occupy.

level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

location
Property type

Either(Enum(Anchor), Tuple(Float, Float))

Default value

'top_right'

The location where the legend should draw itself. It’s either one of bokeh.core.enums.LegendLocation’s enumerated values, or a (x, y) tuple indicating an absolute location absolute location in screen coordinates (pixels from the bottom-left corner).

margin
Property type

Int

Default value

10

Amount of margin around the legend.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

orientation
Property type

Enum(Orientation)

Default value

'vertical'

Whether the legend entries should be placed vertically or horizontally when they are drawn.

padding
Property type

Int

Default value

10

Amount of padding around the contents of the legend. Only applicable when border is visible, otherwise collapses to 0.

spacing
Property type

Int

Default value

3

Amount of spacing (in pixels) between legend entries.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

title
Property type

String

Default value

None

The title text to render.

title_standoff
Property type

Int

Default value

5

The distance (in pixels) to separate the title from the legend.

title_text_align
Property type

Enum(TextAlign)

Default value

'left'

The text align values for the title text.

title_text_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The text alpha values for the title text.

title_text_baseline
Property type

Enum(TextBaseline)

Default value

'bottom'

The text baseline values for the title text.

title_text_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#444444'

The text color values for the title text.

title_text_font
Property type

String

Default value

'helvetica'

The text font values for the title text.

title_text_font_size
Property type

FontSize

Default value

'13px'

The text font size values for the title text.

title_text_font_style
Property type

Enum(FontStyle)

Default value

'italic'

The text font style values for the title text.

title_text_line_height
Property type

Float

Default value

1.2

The text line height values for the title text.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "background_fill_alpha": 0.95,
  "background_fill_color": "#ffffff",
  "border_line_alpha": 0.5,
  "border_line_cap": "butt",
  "border_line_color": "#e5e5e5",
  "border_line_dash": [],
  "border_line_dash_offset": 0,
  "border_line_join": "bevel",
  "border_line_width": 1,
  "click_policy": "none",
  "glyph_height": 20,
  "glyph_width": 20,
  "id": "12341",
  "inactive_fill_alpha": 0.7,
  "inactive_fill_color": "white",
  "items": [],
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "label_height": 20,
  "label_standoff": 5,
  "label_text_align": "left",
  "label_text_alpha": 1.0,
  "label_text_baseline": "middle",
  "label_text_color": "#444444",
  "label_text_font": "helvetica",
  "label_text_font_size": "13px",
  "label_text_font_style": "normal",
  "label_text_line_height": 1.2,
  "label_width": 20,
  "level": "annotation",
  "location": "top_right",
  "margin": 10,
  "name": null,
  "orientation": "vertical",
  "padding": 10,
  "spacing": 3,
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "title": null,
  "title_standoff": 5,
  "title_text_align": "left",
  "title_text_alpha": 1.0,
  "title_text_baseline": "bottom",
  "title_text_color": "#444444",
  "title_text_font": "helvetica",
  "title_text_font_size": "13px",
  "title_text_font_style": "italic",
  "title_text_line_height": 1.2,
  "visible": true,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "y_range_name": "default"
}
class LegendItem(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.model.Model

index
Property type

Int

Default value

None

The column data index to use for drawing the representative items.

If None (the default), then Bokeh will automatically choose an index to use. If the label does not refer to a data column name, this is typically the first data point in the data source. Otherwise, if the label does refer to a column name, the legend will have “groupby” behavior, and will choose and display representative points from every “group” in the column.

If set to a number, Bokeh will use that number as the index in all cases.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
label
Property type

StringSpec

Default value

None

A label for this legend. Can be a string, or a column of a ColumnDataSource. If label is a field, then it must be in the renderers’ data_source.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

renderers
Property type

List(Instance(GlyphRenderer))

Default value

[]

A list of the glyph renderers to draw in the legend. If label is a field, then all data_sources of renderers must be the same.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "id": "12393",
  "index": null,
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "label": null,
  "name": null,
  "renderers": [],
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": []
}
class PolyAnnotation(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.Annotation

Render a shaded polygonal region as an annotation.

fill_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.4

The fill alpha values for the polygon.

fill_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#fff9ba'

The fill color values for the polygon.

hatch_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The hatch alpha values for the polygon.

hatch_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'black'

The hatch color values for the polygon.

hatch_extra
Property type

Dict(String, Instance(Texture))

Default value

{}

The hatch extra values for the polygon.

hatch_pattern
Property type

String

Default value

None

The hatch pattern values for the polygon.

hatch_scale
Property type

Size

Default value

12.0

The hatch scale values for the polygon.

hatch_weight
Property type

Size

Default value

1.0

The hatch weight values for the polygon.

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

0.3

The line alpha values for the polygon.

line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the polygon.

line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'#cccccc'

The line color values for the polygon.

line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the polygon.

line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the polygon.

line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the polygon.

line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width values for the polygon.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

xs
Property type

Seq(Float)

Default value

[]

The x-coordinates of the region to draw.

xs_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the xs attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

ys
Property type

Seq(Float)

Default value

[]

The y-coordinates of the region to draw.

ys_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the ys attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "fill_alpha": 0.4,
  "fill_color": "#fff9ba",
  "hatch_alpha": 1.0,
  "hatch_color": "black",
  "hatch_extra": {},
  "hatch_pattern": null,
  "hatch_scale": 12.0,
  "hatch_weight": 1.0,
  "id": "12403",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "line_alpha": 0.3,
  "line_cap": "butt",
  "line_color": "#cccccc",
  "line_dash": [],
  "line_dash_offset": 0,
  "line_join": "bevel",
  "line_width": 1,
  "name": null,
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "visible": true,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "xs": [],
  "xs_units": "data",
  "y_range_name": "default",
  "ys": [],
  "ys_units": "data"
}
class Slope(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.Annotation

Render a sloped line as an annotation.

See Slopes for information on plotting slopes.

gradient
Property type

Float

Default value

None

The gradient of the line, in data units

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The line alpha values for the line.

line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the line.

line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'black'

The line color values for the line.

line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the line.

line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the line.

line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the line.

line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width values for the line.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_intercept
Property type

Float

Default value

None

The y intercept of the line, in data units

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Returns

True, if properties are structurally equal, otherwise False

Link two Bokeh model properties using JavaScript.

This is a convenience method that simplifies adding a CustomJS callback to update one Bokeh model property whenever another changes value.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – The name of a Bokeh property on this model

  • other (Model) – A Bokeh model to link to self.attr

  • other_attr (str) – The property on other to link together

  • attr_selector (Union[int, str]) – The index to link an item in a subscriptable attr

Added in version 1.1

Raises

ValueError

Examples

This code with js_link:

select.js_link('value', plot, 'sizing_mode')

is equivalent to the following:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
select.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot),
             code="other.sizing_mode = this.value"
    )
)

Additionally, to use attr_selector to attach the left side of a range slider to a plot’s x_range:

range_slider.js_link('value', plot.x_range, 'start', attr_selector=0)

which is equivalent to:

from bokeh.models import CustomJS
range_slider.js_on_change('value',
    CustomJS(args=dict(other=plot.x_range),
             code="other.start = this.value[0]"
    )
)
js_on_change(event, *callbacks)

Attach a CustomJS callback to an arbitrary BokehJS model event.

On the BokehJS side, change events for model properties have the form "change:property_name". As a convenience, if the event name passed to this method is also the name of a property on the model, then it will be prefixed with "change:" automatically:

# these two are equivalent
source.js_on_change('data', callback)
source.js_on_change('change:data', callback)

However, there are other kinds of events that can be useful to respond to, in addition to property change events. For example to run a callback whenever data is streamed to a ColumnDataSource, use the "stream" event on the source:

source.js_on_change('streaming', callback)
layout(side, plot)
classmethod lookup(name)

Find the PropertyDescriptor for a Bokeh property on a class, given the property name.

Parameters

name (str) – name of the property to search for

Returns

descriptor for property named name

Return type

PropertyDescriptor

on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Add a callback on this object to trigger when attr changes.

Parameters
  • attr (str) – an attribute name on this object

  • *callbacks (callable) – callback functions to register

Returns

None

Example:

widget.on_change('value', callback1, callback2, ..., callback_n)
on_event(event, *callbacks)

Run callbacks when the specified event occurs on this Model

Not all Events are supported for all Models. See specific Events in bokeh.events for more information on which Models are able to trigger them.

classmethod properties(with_bases=True)

Collect the names of properties on this class.

This method optionally traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Parameters

with_bases (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties defined on parent classes in the results. (default: True)

Returns

property names

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_containers()

Collect the names of all container properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of container properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod properties_with_refs()

Collect the names of all properties on this class that also have references.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of properties that have references

Return type

set[str]

properties_with_values(include_defaults: bool = True) → Dict[str, Any]

Collect a dict mapping property names to their values.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Non-serializable properties are skipped and property values are in “serialized” format which may be slightly different from the values you would normally read from the properties; the intent of this method is to return the information needed to losslessly reconstitute the object instance.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that haven’t been explicitly set since the object was created. (default: True)

Returns

mapping from property names to their values

Return type

dict

query_properties_with_values(query, include_defaults=True)

Query the properties values of HasProps instances with a predicate.

Parameters
  • query (callable) – A callable that accepts property descriptors and returns True or False

  • include_defaults (bool, optional) – Whether to include properties that have not been explicitly set by a user (default: True)

Returns

mapping of property names and values for matching properties

Return type

dict

references()

Returns all Models that this object has references to.

remove_on_change(attr, *callbacks)

Remove a callback from this object

select(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector.

Parameters

selector (JSON-like) –

Returns

seq[Model]

select_one(selector)

Query this object and all of its references for objects that match the given selector. Raises an error if more than one object is found. Returns single matching object, or None if nothing is found :param selector: :type selector: JSON-like

Returns

Model

set_from_json(name, json, models=None, setter=None)

Set a property value on this object from JSON.

Parameters
  • name – (str) : name of the attribute to set

  • json – (JSON-value) : value to set to the attribute to

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

set_select(selector, updates)

Update objects that match a given selector with the specified attribute/value updates.

Parameters
  • selector (JSON-like) –

  • updates (dict) –

Returns

None

themed_values()

Get any theme-provided overrides.

Results are returned as a dict from property name to value, or None if no theme overrides any values for this instance.

Returns

dict or None

to_json(include_defaults)

Returns a dictionary of the attributes of this object, containing only “JSON types” (string, number, boolean, none, dict, list).

References to other objects are serialized as “refs” (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

to_json_string(include_defaults)

Returns a JSON string encoding the attributes of this object.

References to other objects are serialized as references (just the object ID and type info), so the deserializer will need to separately have the full attributes of those other objects.

There’s no corresponding from_json_string() because to deserialize an object is normally done in the context of a Document (since the Document can resolve references).

For most purposes it’s best to serialize and deserialize entire documents.

Parameters

include_defaults (bool) – whether to include attributes that haven’t been changed from the default

trigger(attr, old, new, hint=None, setter=None)
unapply_theme()

Remove any themed values and restore defaults.

Returns

None

update(**kwargs)

Updates the object’s properties from the given keyword arguments.

Returns

None

Examples

The following are equivalent:

from bokeh.models import Range1d

r = Range1d

# set properties individually:
r.start = 10
r.end = 20

# update properties together:
r.update(start=10, end=20)
update_from_json(json_attributes, models=None, setter=None)

Updates the object’s properties from a JSON attributes dictionary.

Parameters
  • json_attributes – (JSON-dict) : attributes and values to update

  • models (dict or None, optional) –

    Mapping of model ids to models (default: None)

    This is needed in cases where the attributes to update also have values that have references.

  • setter (ClientSession or ServerSession or None, optional) –

    This is used to prevent “boomerang” updates to Bokeh apps.

    In the context of a Bokeh server application, incoming updates to properties will be annotated with the session that is doing the updating. This value is propagated through any subsequent change notifications that the update triggers. The session can compare the event setter to itself, and suppress any updates that originate from itself.

Returns

None

property document

The Document this model is attached to (can be None)

property struct

A Bokeh protocol “structure” of this model, i.e. a dict of the form:

{
    'type' : << view model name >>
    'id'   : << unique model id >>
}

Additionally there may be a subtype field if this model is a subtype.

JSON Prototype
{
  "gradient": null,
  "id": "12433",
  "js_event_callbacks": {},
  "js_property_callbacks": {},
  "level": "annotation",
  "line_alpha": 1.0,
  "line_cap": "butt",
  "line_color": "black",
  "line_dash": [],
  "line_dash_offset": 0,
  "line_join": "bevel",
  "line_width": 1,
  "name": null,
  "subscribed_events": [],
  "syncable": true,
  "tags": [],
  "visible": true,
  "x_range_name": "default",
  "y_intercept": null,
  "y_range_name": "default"
}
class Span(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: bokeh.models.annotations.Annotation

Render a horizontal or vertical line span.

See Spans for information on plotting spans.

dimension
Property type

Enum(Dimension)

Default value

'width'

The direction of the span can be specified by setting this property to “height” (y direction) or “width” (x direction).

js_event_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of event names to lists of CustomJS callbacks.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_event method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('tap event occurred')")
plot.js_on_event('tap', callback)
js_property_callbacks
Property type

Dict(String, List(Instance(CustomJS)))

Default value

{}

A mapping of attribute names to lists of CustomJS callbacks, to be set up on BokehJS side when the document is created.

Typically, rather then modifying this property directly, callbacks should be added using the Model.js_on_change method:

callback = CustomJS(code="console.log('stuff')")
plot.x_range.js_on_change('start', callback)
level
Property type

Enum(RenderLevel)

Default value

'annotation'

Specifies the level in which to paint this renderer.

line_alpha
Property type

Alpha

Default value

1.0

The line alpha values for the span.

line_cap
Property type

Enum(LineCap)

Default value

'butt'

The line cap values for the span.

line_color
Property type

Color

Default value

'black'

The line color values for the span.

line_dash
Property type

DashPattern

Default value

[]

The line dash values for the span.

line_dash_offset
Property type

Int

Default value

0

The line dash offset values for the span.

line_join
Property type

Enum(LineJoin)

Default value

'bevel'

The line join values for the span.

line_width
Property type

Float

Default value

1

The line width values for the span.

location
Property type

Float

Default value

None

The location of the span, along dimension.

Datetime values are also accepted, but note that they are immediately converted to milliseconds-since-epoch.

location_units
Property type

Enum(SpatialUnits)

Default value

'data'

The unit type for the location attribute. Interpreted as “data space” units by default.

name
Property type

String

Default value

None

An arbitrary, user-supplied name for this model.

This name can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models.

>>> plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6], name="temp")
>>> plot.select(name="temp")
[GlyphRenderer(id='399d53f5-73e9-44d9-9527-544b761c7705', ...)]

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any names that are provided, nor is the name used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

render_mode
Property type

Enum(RenderMode)

Default value

'canvas'

Specifies whether the span is rendered as a canvas element or as a CSS element overlaid on the canvas. The default mode is “canvas”.

Warning

The line_dash and line_dash_offset attributes aren’t supported if the render_mode is set to “css”

subscribed_events
Property type

List(String)

Default value

[]

List of events that are subscribed to by Python callbacks. This is the set of events that will be communicated from BokehJS back to Python for this model.

syncable
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Indicates whether this model should be synchronized back to a Bokeh server when updated in a web browser. Setting to False may be useful to reduce network traffic when dealing with frequently updated objects whose updated values we don’t need.

Note

Setting this property to False will prevent any on_change() callbacks on this object from triggering. However, any JS-side callbacks will still work.

tags
Property type

List(AnyRef)

Default value

[]

An optional list of arbitrary, user-supplied values to attach to this model.

This data can be useful when querying the document to retrieve specific Bokeh models:

>>> r = plot.circle([1,2,3], [4,5,6])
>>> r.tags = ["foo", 10]
>>> plot.select(tags=['foo', 10])
[GlyphRenderer(id='1de4c3df-a83d-480a-899b-fb263d3d5dd9', ...)]

Or simply a convenient way to attach any necessary metadata to a model that can be accessed by CustomJS callbacks, etc.

Note

No uniqueness guarantees or other conditions are enforced on any tags that are provided, nor are the tags used directly by Bokeh for any reason.

visible
Property type

Bool

Default value

True

Is the renderer visible.

x_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) x-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default x-range.

y_range_name
Property type

String

Default value

'default'

A particular (named) y-range to use for computing screen locations when rendering glyphs on the plot. If unset, use the default y-range.

apply_theme(property_values)

Apply a set of theme values which will be used rather than defaults, but will not override application-set values.

The passed-in dictionary may be kept around as-is and shared with other instances to save memory (so neither the caller nor the HasProps instance should modify it).

Parameters

property_values (dict) – theme values to use in place of defaults

Returns

None

classmethod dataspecs()

Collect the names of all DataSpec properties on this class.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

names of DataSpec properties

Return type

set[str]

classmethod dataspecs_with_props()

Collect a dict mapping the names of all DataSpec properties on this class to the associated properties.

This method always traverses the class hierarchy and includes properties defined on any parent classes.

Returns

mapping of names and DataSpec properties

Return type

dict[str, DataSpec]

equals(other)

Structural equality of models.

Parameters

other (HasProps) – the other instance to compare to

Ret