Source code for bokeh.server.server

# Copyright (c) 2012 - 2024, Anaconda, Inc., and Bokeh Contributors.
# All rights reserved.
# The full license is in the file LICENSE.txt, distributed with this software.
''' Provide basic Bokeh server objects that use a Tornado ``HTTPServer`` and
``BokeTornado`` Tornado Application to service Bokeh Server Applications.
There are two public classes in this module:

    This is a lightweight class to explicitly coordinate the components needed
    to run a Bokeh server (A :class:`~bokeh.server.tornado.BokehTornado`
    instance, and Tornado ``HTTPServer`` and a Tornado ``IOLoop``)

    This higher-level convenience class only needs to be configured with Bokeh
    :class:`~bokeh.application.application.Application` instances, and will
    automatically create and coordinate the lower level Tornado components.

See :ref:`ug_server_introduction` for general information on the Bokeh server.


# Boilerplate
from __future__ import annotations

import logging # isort:skip
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

# Imports

# Standard library imports
import atexit
import signal
import socket
import sys
from types import FrameType
from typing import TYPE_CHECKING, Any, Mapping

# External imports
from tornado import netutil, version as tornado_version
from tornado.httpserver import HTTPServer
from tornado.ioloop import IOLoop

# Bokeh imports
from .. import __version__
from ..core import properties as p
from import (
from ..resources import DEFAULT_SERVER_PORT, server_url
from ..util.options import Options
from .tornado import DEFAULT_WEBSOCKET_MAX_MESSAGE_SIZE_BYTES, BokehTornado
from .util import bind_sockets, create_hosts_allowlist

    from ..application.application import Application
    from ..application.handlers.function import ModifyDoc
    from ..core.types import ID
    from ..util.browser import BrowserTarget
    from .session import ServerSession

# Globals and constants

__all__ = (

# Dev API

[docs] class BaseServer: ''' Explicitly coordinate the level Tornado components required to run a Bokeh server: * A Tornado ``IOLoop`` to run the Bokeh server machinery. * a ``BokehTornado`` Tornado application that defines the Bokeh server machinery. * a Tornado ``HTTPServer`` to direct HTTP requests All three of these components must be passed to ``BaseServer``, which will initialize the ``BokehTornado`` instance on the ``io_loop``. The ``http_server`` must have been previously created and initialized with the ``BokehTornado`` instance. '''
[docs] def __init__(self, io_loop: IOLoop, tornado_app: BokehTornado, http_server: HTTPServer) -> None: ''' Create a ``BaseServer`` instance. Args: io_loop (IOLoop) : A Tornado ``IOLoop`` to run the Bokeh Tornado application on. tornado_app (BokehTornado) : An instance of the Bokeh Tornado application that generates Bokeh Documents and Sessions. http_server (HTTPServer) : A Tornado ``HTTPServer`` to service HTTP requests for Bokeh applications. Should have already be configured with the ``tornado_app`` when created. ''' self._started = False self._stopped = False self._http = http_server self._loop = io_loop self._tornado = tornado_app self._tornado.initialize(io_loop)
@property def io_loop(self) -> IOLoop: ''' The Tornado ``IOLoop`` that this Bokeh Server is running on. ''' return self._loop
[docs] def start(self) -> None: ''' Install the Bokeh Server and its background tasks on a Tornado ``IOLoop``. This method does *not* block and does *not* affect the state of the Tornado ``IOLoop`` You must start and stop the loop yourself, i.e. this method is typically useful when you are already explicitly managing an ``IOLoop`` yourself. To start a Bokeh server and immediately "run forever" in a blocking manner, see :func:`~bokeh.server.server.BaseServer.run_until_shutdown`. ''' assert not self._started, "Already started" self._started = True self._tornado.start()
[docs] def stop(self, wait: bool = True) -> None: ''' Stop the Bokeh Server. This stops and removes all Bokeh Server ``IOLoop`` callbacks, as well as stops the ``HTTPServer`` that this instance was configured with. Args: fast (bool): Whether to wait for orderly cleanup (default: True) Returns: None ''' assert not self._stopped, "Already stopped" self._stopped = True self._tornado.stop(wait) self._http.stop()
[docs] def unlisten(self) -> None: ''' Stop listening on ports. The server will no longer be usable after calling this function. .. note:: This function is mostly useful for tests Returns: None ''' self._http.stop() self.io_loop.add_callback(self._http.close_all_connections)
[docs] def run_until_shutdown(self) -> None: ''' Run the Bokeh Server until shutdown is requested by the user, either via a Keyboard interrupt (Ctrl-C) or SIGTERM. Calling this method will start the Tornado ``IOLoop`` and block all execution in the calling process. Returns: None ''' if not self._started: self.start() # Install shutdown hooks atexit.register(self._atexit) signal.signal(signal.SIGTERM, self._sigterm) try: self._loop.start() except KeyboardInterrupt: print("\nInterrupted, shutting down") self.stop()
[docs] def get_session(self, app_path: str, session_id: ID) -> ServerSession: ''' Get an active a session by name application path and session ID. Args: app_path (str) : The configured application path for the application to return a session for. session_id (str) : The session ID of the session to retrieve. Returns: ServerSession ''' return self._tornado.get_session(app_path, session_id)
[docs] def get_sessions(self, app_path: str | None = None) -> list[ServerSession]: ''' Gets all currently active sessions for applications. Args: app_path (str, optional) : The configured application path for the application to return sessions for. If None, return active sessions for all applications. (default: None) Returns: list[ServerSession] ''' if app_path is not None: return self._tornado.get_sessions(app_path) all_sessions: list[ServerSession] = [] for path in self._tornado.app_paths: all_sessions += self._tornado.get_sessions(path) return all_sessions
[docs] def show(self, app_path: str, browser: str | None = None, new: BrowserTarget = "tab") -> None: ''' Opens an app in a browser window or tab. This method is useful for testing or running Bokeh server applications on a local machine but should not call when running Bokeh server for an actual deployment. Args: app_path (str) : the app path to open The part of the URL after the hostname:port, with leading slash. browser (str, optional) : browser to show with (default: None) For systems that support it, the **browser** argument allows specifying which browser to display in, e.g. "safari", "firefox", "opera", "windows-default" (see the :doc:`webbrowser <python:library/webbrowser>` module documentation in the standard lib for more details). new (str, optional) : window or tab (default: "tab") If ``new`` is 'tab', then opens a new tab. If ``new`` is 'window', then opens a new window. Returns: None ''' if not app_path.startswith("/"): raise ValueError("app_path must start with a /") address_string = 'localhost' if self.address is not None and self.address != '': address_string = self.address url = f"http://{address_string}:{self.port}{self.prefix}{app_path}" from bokeh.util.browser import view view(url, browser=browser, new=new)
_atexit_ran = False def _atexit(self) -> None: if self._atexit_ran: return self._atexit_ran = True log.debug("Shutdown: cleaning up") if not self._stopped: self.stop(wait=False) def _sigterm(self, signum: int, frame: FrameType | None) -> None: print(f"Received signal {signum}, shutting down") # Tell self._loop.start() to return. self._loop.add_callback_from_signal(self._loop.stop) @property def port(self) -> int | None: ''' The configured port number that the server listens on for HTTP requests ''' sock = next( sock for sock in self._http._sockets.values() if in (socket.AF_INET, socket.AF_INET6) ) return sock.getsockname()[1] @property def address(self) -> str | None: ''' The configured address that the server listens on for HTTP requests ''' sock = next( sock for sock in self._http._sockets.values() if in (socket.AF_INET, socket.AF_INET6) ) return sock.getsockname()[0] @property def prefix(self) -> str: ''' The configured URL prefix to use for all Bokeh server paths. ''' return self._tornado.prefix @property def index(self) -> str | None: ''' A path to a Jinja2 template to use for index at "/" ''' return self._tornado.index
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # General API #-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[docs] class Server(BaseServer): ''' A high level convenience class to run a Bokeh server. This class can automatically coordinate the three the base level components required to run a Bokeh server: * A Tornado ``IOLoop`` to run the Bokeh server machinery. * a ``BokehTornado`` Tornado application that defines the Bokeh server machinery. * a Tornado ``HTTPServer`` to direct HTTP requests This high level ``Server`` class has some limitations. In particular, it is not possible to set an explicit ``io_loop`` and ``num_procs`` other than 1 at the same time. To do that, it is necessary to use ``BaseServer`` and coordinate the three components above explicitly. '''
[docs] def __init__(self, applications: Mapping[str, Application | ModifyDoc] | Application | ModifyDoc, io_loop: IOLoop | None = None, http_server_kwargs: dict[str, Any] | None = None, **kwargs: Any) -> None: ''' Create a ``Server`` instance. Args: applications (dict[str, Application] or Application or callable) : A mapping from URL paths to Application instances, or a single Application to put at the root URL. The Application is a factory for Documents, with a new Document initialized for each Session. Each application is identified by a path that corresponds to a URL, like "/" or "/myapp" If a single Application is provided, it is mapped to the URL path "/" automatically. As a convenience, a callable may also be provided, in which an Application will be created for it using ``FunctionHandler``. io_loop (IOLoop, optional) : An explicit Tornado ``IOLoop`` to run Bokeh Server code on. If None, ``IOLoop.current()`` will be used (default: None) http_server_kwargs (dict, optional) : Extra arguments passed to ``tornado.httpserver.HTTPServer``. E.g. ``max_buffer_size`` to specify the maximum upload size. More details can be found at: If None, no extra arguments are passed (default: None) Additionally, the following options may be passed to configure the operation of ``Server``: .. bokeh-options:: _ServerOpts :module: bokeh.server.server Any remaining keyword arguments will be passed as-is to ``BokehTornado``. '''"Starting Bokeh server version {__version__} (running on Tornado {tornado_version})") opts = _ServerOpts(kwargs) if opts.num_procs > 1 and io_loop is not None: raise RuntimeError( "Setting both num_procs and io_loop in Server is incompatible. Use BaseServer to coordinate an explicit IOLoop and multi-process HTTPServer", ) if opts.num_procs > 1 and sys.platform == "win32": raise RuntimeError("num_procs > 1 not supported on Windows") if opts.unix_socket and sys.platform == "win32": raise RuntimeError("Unix sockets are not supported on windows.") if http_server_kwargs is None: http_server_kwargs = {} http_server_kwargs.setdefault('xheaders', opts.use_xheaders) if opts.ssl_certfile:"Configuring for SSL termination") import ssl context = ssl.create_default_context(ssl.Purpose.CLIENT_AUTH) context.load_cert_chain(certfile=opts.ssl_certfile, keyfile=opts.ssl_keyfile, password=opts.ssl_password) http_server_kwargs['ssl_options'] = context if opts.unix_socket: sockets = [netutil.bind_unix_socket(opts.unix_socket)] self._unix_socket = opts.unix_socket self._address, self._port = None, None if opts.allow_websocket_origin: extra_websocket_origins = create_hosts_allowlist(opts.allow_websocket_origin, None) else: extra_websocket_origins = [] else: sockets, self._port = bind_sockets(opts.address, opts.port) self._address = opts.address extra_websocket_origins = create_hosts_allowlist(opts.allow_websocket_origin, self.port) self._absolute_url = server_url(self._address, self._port, opts.ssl_certfile is not None) try: tornado_app = BokehTornado(applications, extra_websocket_origins=extra_websocket_origins, absolute_url=self._absolute_url, prefix=opts.prefix, index=opts.index, websocket_max_message_size_bytes=opts.websocket_max_message_size, **kwargs) if opts.num_procs != 1: assert all(app_context.application.safe_to_fork for app_context in tornado_app.applications.values()), ( 'User application code has run before attempting to start ' 'multiple processes. This is considered an unsafe operation.') http_server = HTTPServer(tornado_app, **http_server_kwargs) http_server.start(opts.num_procs) http_server.add_sockets(sockets) except Exception: for s in sockets: s.close() raise # Can only refer to IOLoop after HTTPServer.start() is called, see #5524 if io_loop is None: io_loop = IOLoop.current() super().__init__(io_loop, tornado_app, http_server)
@property def port(self) -> int | None: ''' The configured port number that the server listens on for HTTP requests. ''' return self._port @property def unix_socket(self) -> str: ''' The configured unix socket that the server listens to. ''' return self._unix_socket @property def address(self) -> str | None: ''' The configured address that the server listens on for HTTP requests. ''' return self._address
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Private API #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # This class itself is intentionally undocumented (it is used to generate # documentation elsewhere) class _ServerOpts(Options): num_procs: int = Int(default=1, help=""" The number of worker processes to start for the HTTP server. If an explicit ``io_loop`` is also configured, then ``num_procs=1`` is the only compatible value. Use ``BaseServer`` to coordinate an explicit ``IOLoop`` with a multi-process HTTP server. A value of 0 will auto detect number of cores. Note that due to limitations inherent in Tornado, Windows does not support ``num_procs`` values greater than one! In this case consider running multiple Bokeh server instances behind a load balancer. """) # type: ignore[assignment] address : str | None = Nullable(String, help=""" The address the server should listen on for HTTP requests. """) # type: ignore[assignment] port: int = Int(default=DEFAULT_SERVER_PORT, help=""" The port number the server should listen on for HTTP requests. """) # type: ignore[assignment] unix_socket : str | None = Nullable(String, help=""" The unix socket the server should bind to. Other network args such as port, address, ssl options etc are incompatible with unix sockets. Unix socket support is not available on windows. """) # type: ignore[assignment] prefix: str = String(default="", help=""" A URL prefix to use for all Bokeh server paths. """) # type: ignore[assignment] index: str | None = Nullable(String, help=""" A path to a Jinja2 template to use for the index "/" """) # type: ignore[assignment] allow_websocket_origin: list[str] | None = Nullable(p.List(String), help=""" A list of hosts that can connect to the websocket. This is typically required when embedding a Bokeh server app in an external web site using :func:`~bokeh.embed.server_document` or similar. If None, "localhost" is used. """) # type: ignore[assignment] use_xheaders: bool = Bool(default=False, help=""" Whether to have the Bokeh server override the remote IP and URI scheme and protocol for all requests with ``X-Real-Ip``, ``X-Forwarded-For``, ``X-Scheme``, ``X-Forwarded-Proto`` headers (if they are provided). """) # type: ignore[assignment] ssl_certfile: str | None = Nullable(String, help=""" The path to a certificate file for SSL termination. """) # type: ignore[assignment] ssl_keyfile: str | None = Nullable(String, help=""" The path to a private key file for SSL termination. """) # type: ignore[assignment] ssl_password: str | None = Nullable(String, help=""" A password to decrypt the SSL keyfile, if necessary. """) # type: ignore[assignment] websocket_max_message_size: int = Int(default=DEFAULT_WEBSOCKET_MAX_MESSAGE_SIZE_BYTES, help=""" Set the Tornado ``websocket_max_message_size`` value. """) # type: ignore[assignment] #----------------------------------------------------------------------------- # Code #-----------------------------------------------------------------------------