Embedding Plots and Apps

Bokeh provides a variety of ways to embed plots and data into HTML documents. First, a reminder of the distinction between standalone documents and apps:

Standalone Documents

These are Bokeh documents that are not backed by a Bokeh server. They may have many tools and interactions (e.g. from CustomJS callbacks) but are self-contained HTML, JavaScript, and CSS. They can be embedded into other HTML pages as one large document, or as a set of sub-components templated individually.

Bokeh Applications

These are Bokeh documents that are backed by a Bokeh Server. In addition to all the features of standalone documents, it is also possible to connect events and tools to real Python callbacks, that execute in the Bokeh server. See Running a Bokeh Server for more information about creating and running Bokeh apps.

Standalone Documents

This section describes how Bokeh standalone documents (i.e. those that are not linked to a Bokeh server) may be published or embedded in a variety of ways.

HTML files

Bokeh can generate complete HTML pages for Bokeh documents using the file_html() function. This function can emit HTML from its own generic template, or a template you provide. These files contain the data for the plot inline and are completely transportable, while still providing interactive tools (pan, zoom, etc.) for your plot. Here is an example:

from bokeh.plotting import figure
from bokeh.resources import CDN
from bokeh.embed import file_html

plot = figure()
plot.circle([1,2], [3,4])

html = file_html(plot, CDN, "my plot")

The returned HTML text can be saved to a file using standard python file operations. You can also provide your own template and pass in custom, or additional, template variables. See the file_html() documentation for more details.

This is a fairly low-level, explicit way to generate an HTML file, which may be useful for use from a web application, e.g. a Flask app. When using the bokeh.plotting interface in a script or Jupyter notebook, users will typically call the function output_file() in conjunction with show() or save() instead.

JSON Items

Bokeh can also supply a block of JSON that can be easily consumed by a BokehJS to render standalone Bokeh content in a specified div. The json_item() function accepts a Bokeh Model (e.g. a Plot), and optionally a target ID that identifies a div to render into:

p = figure()
p.circle(x, y)

item_text = json.dumps(json_item(p, "myplot"))

This output can be used by the Bokeh.embed.embed_item function on a webpage:

item = JSON.parse(item_text);

In this situation, the Bokeh plot will render itself into a div with the id “myplot”.

It is also possible to omit the target id when calling json_item()

p = figure()
p.circle(x, y)

item_text = json.dumps(json_item(p)) # no target_id given

Then the target id can be controlled on the JavaScript side:

item = JSON.parse(item_text);
Bokeh.embed.embed_item(item, "myplot");

As a more complete example, it a Flask server may be configured to serve Bokeh JSON items from a /plot endpoint:

def plot():
    p = make_plot('petal_width', 'petal_length')
    return json.dumps(json_item(p, "myplot"))

Then the corresponding code on the page might look like:

    .then(function(response) { return response.json(); })
    .then(function(item) { Bokeh.embed.embed_item(item); })

A full example can be found a examples/embed/json_item.py.


It is also possible to ask Bokeh to return the individual components of a standalone document for individual embedding using the components() function. This function returns a <script> that contains the data for your plot, together with an accompanying <div> tag that the plot view is loaded into. These tags can be used in HTML documents however you like:

from bokeh.plotting import figure
from bokeh.embed import components

plot = figure()
plot.circle([1,2], [3,4])

script, div = components(plot)

The returned <script> will look something like:

<script type="text/javascript">
    (function() {
  var fn = function() {
    Bokeh.safely(function() {
      var docs_json = { DOCUMENT DATA HERE };
      var render_items = [{

      Bokeh.embed.embed_items(docs_json, render_items);
  if (document.readyState != "loading") fn();
  else document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", fn);


Note that in Jupyter Notebooks, it is not possible to use components and show in the same notebook cell.

All of the data and plot or widget objects are contained in the docs_json variable (contents omitted here for brevity). The resulting <div> will look something like:

<div class="bk-root" id="9574d123-9332-4b5f-96cc-6323bef37f40"></div>

These two elements can be inserted or templated into your HTML text, and the script, when executed, will replace the div with the plot.

Using these components assumes that BokehJS has already been loaded, for instance either inline in the document text, or from CDN. To load BokehJS from CDN, add the following lines in your HTML text or template with the appropriate version replacing x.y.z:

<script src="https://cdn.pydata.org/bokeh/release/bokeh-x.y.z.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.pydata.org/bokeh/release/bokeh-widgets-x.y.z.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.pydata.org/bokeh/release/bokeh-tables-x.y.z.min.js"></script>

The "-widgets" files are only necessary if your document includes Bokeh widgets. Similarly, the "-tables" files are only necessary if you are using Bokeh data tables in your document.

For example, to use version 1.1.0, including widgets and tables support:

<script src="https://cdn.pydata.org/bokeh/release/bokeh-1.1.0.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.pydata.org/bokeh/release/bokeh-widgets-1.1.0.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.pydata.org/bokeh/release/bokeh-tables-1.1.0.min.js"></script>


You must provide the closing </script> tag. This is required by all browsers and the page will typically not render without it.

In addition to a single Bokeh model (e.g. a plot), the components() function also accepts a list or tuple of models, or a dictionary of keys and models. Each returns a tuple with one script script and a corresponding data structure for the divs.

The following illustrates how different input types correlate to outputs:

#=> (script, plot_div)

components((plot_1, plot_2))
#=> (script, (plot_1_div, plot_2_div))

components({"Plot 1": plot_1, "Plot 2": plot_2})
#=> (script, {"Plot 1": plot_1_div, "Plot 2": plot_2_div})

Here’s an example of how you would use the multiple plot generator:

# scatter.py

from bokeh.plotting import figure
from bokeh.models import Range1d
from bokeh.embed import components

# create some data
x1 = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
y1 = [0, 8, 2, 4, 6, 9, 5, 6, 25, 28, 4, 7]
x2 = [2, 5, 7, 15, 18, 19, 25, 28, 9, 10, 4]
y2 = [2, 4, 6, 9, 15, 18, 0, 8, 2, 25, 28]
x3 = [0, 1, 0, 8, 2, 4, 6, 9, 7, 8, 9]
y3 = [0, 8, 4, 6, 9, 15, 18, 19, 19, 25, 28]

# select the tools we want

# the red and blue graphs will share this data range
xr1 = Range1d(start=0, end=30)
yr1 = Range1d(start=0, end=30)

# only the green will use this data range
xr2 = Range1d(start=0, end=30)
yr2 = Range1d(start=0, end=30)

# build our figures
p1 = figure(x_range=xr1, y_range=yr1, tools=TOOLS, plot_width=300, plot_height=300)
p1.scatter(x1, y1, size=12, color="red", alpha=0.5)

p2 = figure(x_range=xr1, y_range=yr1, tools=TOOLS, plot_width=300, plot_height=300)
p2.scatter(x2, y2, size=12, color="blue", alpha=0.5)

p3 = figure(x_range=xr2, y_range=yr2, tools=TOOLS, plot_width=300, plot_height=300)
p3.scatter(x3, y3, size=12, color="green", alpha=0.5)

# plots can be a single Bokeh Model, a list/tuple, or even a dictionary
plots = {'Red': p1, 'Blue': p2, 'Green': p3}

script, div = components(plots)

Running python scatter.py will print out:

<script type="text/javascript">
    var docs_json = { DOCUMENT DATA HERE }
    var render_items = [{

    Bokeh.embed.embed_items(docs_json, render_items);

        'Green': '\n<div class="bk-root" id="e89297cf-a2dc-4edd-8993-e16f0ca6af04"></div>',
        'Blue': '\n<div class="bk-root" id="eeb9a417-02a1-47e3-ab82-221abe8a1644"></div>',
        'Red': '\n<div class="bk-root" id="c311f123-368f-43ba-88b6-4e3ecd9aed94"></div>'

Then inserting the script and div elements into this boilerplate:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <title>Bokeh Scatter Plots</title>

        <script type="text/javascript" src="http://cdn.pydata.org/bokeh/release/bokeh-1.1.0.min.js"></script>

        <!-- COPY/PASTE SCRIPT HERE -->

        <!-- INSERT DIVS HERE -->

Note that above we have not included the "-widgets" JS and CSS files, since the document does not use Bokeh widgets. If required, the CDN resources are available as HTTPS URLs as well.

You can see an example by running:

python /bokeh/examples/embed/embed_multiple.py

Autoload Scripts

A final way to embed standalone documents is the autoload_static() function. This function with provide a <script> tag that will replace itself with a Bokeh plot, wherever the tag happens to be located. The script will also check for BokehJS and load it, if necessary. Using this function it is possible to embed a plot by placing this script tag alone in your document.

This function takes a Bokeh model (e.g. a plot) that you want to display, a Resources object, and a path to load a script from. Then autoload_static() will return a self-contained <script> tag, and a block of JavaScript code. The JavaScript code should be saved to the path you provided. The <script> tag, when it is included in a page, will load and run the saved JavaScript in order to realize your plot in the browser.

Here is how you might use autoload_static() with a simple plot:

from bokeh.resources import CDN
from bokeh.plotting import figure
from bokeh.embed import autoload_static

plot = figure()
plot.circle([1,2], [3,4])

js, tag = autoload_static(plot, CDN, "some/path")

The resulting <script> tag looks like:


The script tag should be included in the HTML page wherever you wish to load the plot.

The separate JavaScript code should be saved to a file that can be reached on the server at “some/path”, from the document that has the plot embedded.


The <script> tag loads a <div> in place, so it must be placed under <head>.

Bokeh Applications

This section describes how entire Bokeh server applications may be embedded. Bokeh apps may be embedded so that every page load creates and displays a new session and Document, or so that a specific, existing session is loaded.

App Documents

When an application is running on a Bokeh server and available at some URL, it is typically desired to embed the entire application in a page so that whenever the page is loaded, a completely new session is created and presented to the user. This can be accomplished with the server_document() function, which accepts the URL to a Bokeh server application, and returns a script that will embed new sessions from that server any time the script is executed.

Here is an example snipped using server_document():

from bokeh.embed import server_document
script = server_document("https://demo.bokeh.org/sliders")

The returned script tag will look something like this:


It can be templated in an HTML page to include the Bokeh application at that point.

App Sessions

Sometimes, instead of loading a new session, we might wish to load a specific session. For instance, a Flask app rendering a page for an authenticated user might want to pull a new session, make some customizations for the specific user, then serve the specific Bokeh server session. This can be accomplished with the server_session() function which accepts a specific model to embed (or None for an entire session document), session ID, and a URL to the Bokeh application.

Here is an example of how to use server_session() and Flask:

from flask import Flask, render_template

from bokeh.client import pull_session
from bokeh.embed import server_session

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route('/', methods=['GET'])
def bkapp_page():

    # pull a new session from a running Bokeh server
    with pull_session(url="http://localhost:5006/sliders") as session:

        # update or customize that session
        session.document.roots[0].children[1].title.text = "Special Sliders For A Specific User!"

        # generate a script to load the customized session
        script = server_session(session_id=session.id, url='http://localhost:5006/sliders')

        # use the script in the rendered page
        return render_template("embed.html", script=script, template="Flask")

if __name__ == '__main__':

Standard template

Bokeh also provides a standard Jinja template that can be useful for quickly embedding different document roots flexibly by extending the “base” template. This is especially useful for embedding individual components of a Bokeh app in a non-Bokeh layout (e.g. Bootstrap, etc.).

Below is a minimal example. Assuming that the application creates two roots with names properties set:

p1 = figure(..., name="scatter")

p2 = figure(..., name="line")


Then these roots can be referred to by name in the template, and passed to the embed macro to place them wherever desired:

{% extends base %}

<!-- goes in head -->
{% block preamble %}
<link href="app/static/css/custom.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
{% endblock %}

<!-- goes in body -->
{% block contents %}
<div> {{ embed(roots.scatter) }} </div>
<div> {{ embed(roots.line) }} </div>
{% endblock %}

The full template, with all the sections that can be overridden, is given here:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
{% block head %}
    {% block inner_head %}
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>{% block title %}{{ title | e if title else "Bokeh Plot" }}{% endblock %}</title>
    {% block preamble %}{% endblock %}
    {% block resources %}
        {% block css_resources %}
        {{ bokeh_css | indent(8) if bokeh_css }}
        {% endblock %}
        {% block js_resources %}
        {{ bokeh_js | indent(8) if bokeh_js }}
        {% endblock %}
    {% endblock %}
    {% block postamble %}{% endblock %}
    {% endblock %}
{% endblock %}
{% block body %}
    {% block inner_body %}
    {% block contents %}
        {% for doc in docs %}
        {{ embed(doc) if doc.elementid }}
        {% for root in doc.roots %}
            {{ embed(root) | indent(10) }}
        {% endfor %}
        {% endfor %}
    {% endblock %}
    {{ plot_script | indent(8) }}
    {% endblock %}
{% endblock %}