Provide a Base class for all Bokeh properties.

Bokeh properties work by contributing Python descriptor objects to HasProps classes. These descriptors then delegate attribute access back to the Bokeh property class, which handles validation, serialization, and documentation needs.

The PropertyDescriptorFactory class provides the make_descriptors method that is used by the metaclass MetaHasProps during class creation to install the descriptors corresponding to the declared properties.

This machinery helps to make Bokeh much more user friendly. For example, the DataSpec properties mediate between fixed values and references to column data source columns. A user can use a very simple syntax, and the property will correctly serialize and validate automatically:

from bokeh.models import Circle

c = Circle()

c.x = 10      # serializes to {'value': 10}

c.x = 'foo'   # serializes to {'field': 'foo'}

c.x = [1,2,3] # raises a ValueError validation exception

There are many other examples like this throughout Bokeh. In this way users may operate simply and naturally, and not be concerned with the low-level details around validation, serialization, and documentation.


These classes form part of the very low-level machinery that implements the Bokeh model and property system. It is unlikely that any of these classes or their methods will be applicable to any standard usage or to anyone who is not directly developing on Bokeh’s own infrastructure.

class PropertyDescriptorFactory[source]#

Base class for all Bokeh properties.

A Bokeh property really consist of two parts: the familiar “property” portion, such as Int, String, etc., as well as an associated Python descriptor that delegates attribute access (e.g. range.start) to the property instance.

Consider the following class definition:

from bokeh.model import Model
from import Int

class SomeModel(Model):
    foo = Int(default=10)

Then we can observe the following:

>>> m = SomeModel()

# The class itself has had a descriptor for 'foo' installed
>>> getattr(SomeModel, 'foo')
< at 0x1065ffb38>

# which is used when 'foo' is accessed on instances
make_descriptors(name: str) list[PropertyDescriptor[T]][source]#

Return a list of PropertyDescriptor instances to install on a class, in order to delegate attribute access to this property.


name (str) – the name of the property these descriptors are for



The descriptors returned are collected by the MetaHasProps metaclass and added to HasProps subclasses during class creation.

Subclasses of PropertyDescriptorFactory are responsible for implementing this function to return descriptors specific to their needs.